Research on Lubricants
-Tarun Kripalani XB & Ashif Mondal XA ( Research Team Members)
In today’s tech-savvy world, pollution is posing to be a threat and a challenge. It causes a great deal of damage to the environment and ecology at a large scale which in turn endangers life on earth. There are numerous such sources of pollution out of which machines and their waste effluents constitute a considerable amount. Typical lubricants used in machines are non-biodegradable in nature and also emit some amount of CO2 in the atmosphere due to the heat by the machine. It is the need of the hour to control the rapidlygrowing pollution rates and by using a biological lubricant which is biodegradable and has no CO2 emission; we can do our bit to control the environmental pollution. This is the main aim of this research.
In order to make a biological lubricant, an organic oil is required in which vegetable oils particularly rice bran oil has been found to have numerous physical and chemical properties most suitable for lubricants. By a few modifications in this oil such as hydrolysis, polymerization and esterification, we can get an eco-friendly, cost-efficient and a suitable lubricant for machineries. (Note- Though rice bran oil has been found to have low viscosity, by the modifications done its viscosity is increased.
However when rice bran oil is hydrolyzed, it has a chance to corrode metallic substances. This could in turn reduce the life of machinery if used as a lubricant; but by the process of photopolymerisation by UV rays this defect can be overcome.
Also, by our modifications it is possible to make the properties of this bio-lubricant much better than the typical ones we use.
Thus we can conclude that with the usage of rice bran oil as a bio-lubricant we can get a cost-efficient, eco-friendly lubricant which in turn has a greater quality than the expensive, harmful typical lubricants that we use.(After modification and verification process only.)